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Edoardo Beretta, Kemme, David M. David M. More about this item Keywords Money ; market ; liquidity ; currency ; board-empirical ; investigations ; Bulgaria ; All these keywords. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
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Economic literature: papers , articles , software , chapters , books. FRED data. My bibliography Save this paper. Money market liquidity under currency board-empirical investigations for Bulgaria. Registered: Nikolay Nenov Nenovsky. Over the last years the efficiency and existence of an automatic adjustment mechanism of currency boards are in the centre of economic discussions. From this point of view and within the post-liberation period, years of existence, for a Bulgarian university, is a remarkable achievement.
The University of Economics — Varna is one of the oldest universities in Bulgaria and the university is rightly proud of its history. The Jubilee International Scientific Conference is focused on digitalization and all those profound transformations it causes in the economy and society.
The theme of the conference has been chosen in the period preceding the outbreak of the global coronary virus pandemic. This is important to note because the current economic situation has changed dramatically. As a result of the state of emergency and the imposed social isolation, the economies all over the world have entered a recession.
The business, our social and cultural lives have come to a standstill. The economic crisis that has begun is unprecedented both in its cause and most likely in its scale and scope, and it is currently confronting us with specific economic problems. But we believe in science and medicine, in the human mind and intelligence, and we have no doubt that the epidemic will be brought under control and sooner or later the world will return to normal.
Then the fundamental determinants of economic activity shall start to operate, one of which is the ongoing process of digitalization. The present economic situation has confronted us with specific economic problems, but it has also shown in a clear and unequivocal way how important new technologies are in modern life, in particular in the conditions of emergency and social distance. It is in these conditions that all our communication, the opportunity for public institutions to continue with their work, online university and school education, etc.
This conference has also been made possible by modern technology. The crisis, from a certain point of view, has given a new impetus to the digitalization of society. In the context of current events and the explanations given above, the topic of the conference is focused on the long term development of the economy and society as a whole. The scientific event aroused considerable interest.
The conference was attended by scientists, researchers, lecturers, PhD students and students from 23 Bulgarian and 15 foreign universities and research organizations from Germany, Lebanon, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Serbia, Croatia and Ukraine, as well as representatives of business and various institutions.
Plenary reports of the conference have been presented by: Prof. Plamen Rusev PhD, one of the successful alumni of the University of Economics-Varna, Executive Chairman of the Webit Foundation and a member of the Board of Directors of Endeavor Bulgaria, addressed the plenary session with a speech on "Bulgaria — a platform for creating global initiatives. The range of prob lems in the reports is wide, in line with the idea of the scientific forum: to analyze the manifestation of digitalization not only in business and econo my, but its social, institutional and legal aspects, as well.
Despite the stability of the national currency provided by the successfully functioning currency board regime for more than twenty years the BGN is still not allowed in the ERM II. The purpose of this article is to explore the experience of Bulgaria with the adoption of the euro. A dynamic approach is applied by analysing the effects of the process at each stage at three levels: macroeconomic framework, non-financial sector and households. Capitalising on the experience of countries with similar monetary regime the article concludes that nominal convergence is not sufficient to achieve real convergence, and the postponement of the euro adoption ensures a smoother transition of the economy, but deprives it of further incentives for growth and convergence.
It has become a new phenomenon of economic development defined as digitalization of economy and society, increasingly acquiring the characteristics of Schumpeter-Kondratieff innovation wave. In these circumstances, increasing the intensity of research and innovation is vital for the development of any economy. On the basis of qualitative research approaches analysis of existing literature on the subject and real impressions through his own audit practice , the author presents the main phenomena that characterize digitalization in accounting and auditing at present; the leading role and digital strategies of the four largest accounting and auditing companies in the world PwC, Deloitte, EY, KPMG are discussed, as well as the need for training in digital technology for students in accounting, auditing and finance.
At the time of writing, no such currency has been issued, but there is an active professional worldwide discussion of the possibilities, advantages, disadvantages, prospects of creating such money. The purpose of the report is to give a basic description of the potential CBDCs in the context of issuance and circulation of money, including among others accounting treatment. Comparison with cryptocurrencies is a focus too.
As CBDC is still at project level, the opportunities presented are hypothetical and based on literature research. However, the importance of the problem requires informing the public and involvement of the academic community in the discussion. Several studies have been analyzed, providing information on GDP growth opportunities through digitization of the economy and municipal administration. The role of the public sector in carrying out the transformation through the use of digital technologies to achieve faster and smoother processes is outlined.
An analysis of the size and growth rate of digital economies at regional level in Central and Eastern European countries is presented. The possibilities of digital technology companies to help shape regional strategies for smart specialization are discussed. The author seeks to regionalize the territorial investment approach so as to achieve better territorial development.
Digitalization has the potential to increase the efficiency of this process by improving the collection, processing and analysis of information about borrowers. In this respect, big data, artificial intelligence and cloud services make possible to work with unstructured data and take into account non-financial parameters, including related to digital "life" and the psychological characteristics of credit seekers. Methodological problems of information capacity, individual dynamics and models for the analysis of the key indicators characterizing the activity, financial stability and competitiveness of the enterprise are investigated.
This article explores the problems of providing accounting business analysis information in a balanced scorecard through accounting and integrated reporting systems in the conditions of competition and digital transformation. The current paper explores the essential functions of platforms and the main components in the platform economy - participants, transactions and interactions. The main goal is to provide insights about the definitions, current issues and directions for future research.
Introduction of platform solutions, emergence of virtual networks for peer-to peer lending and crowdfunding, neobanks and online payment systems are examples for the need of rapid adaptation by financial regulators. A number of initiatives in this regard have already been observed. Constantly growing are different high-tech initiatives undertaken by supervisory agencies. The report highlights some current trends related to the digitalisation of financial industry and corresponding regulatory activities.
Subject of the analysis is the concept for decentralization of regulatory related activities by their "sharing" between supervisory agencies and regulated entities. The focus is on the potential of blockchain technology, artificial intelligence and the processing of big data, and their integration in different compliance related activities. Special attention is paid to its potential to increase the competitiveness of insurers by making their operations more transparent and effective. The Blockchain will have a long-term effect on the insurance business, as it automates the processing of risk data on a consensus-based algorithm, supports the detectability of insurance fraud and speeds up the payments of insurance indemnities through encrypted transfers.
The proof of this is the increasing demand for blockchain technologies from insurance companies and their loyal clients in recent years. Some of blockchain innovative applications are smart insurance contracts, P2P insurance and index-based insurance. However, a routine and comparative approach for their design is usualy observed as a whole. Once finally and officially accepted, the budget becomes a financial framework for the main municipality activities.
In this presentation are shown number of "simulators" designed to determine as accurately as possible the individual budget topics and subjects. The preparation of the budgeting is a major step in the overall budgeting process. Several related evaluation methodologies are examined in an analytical perspective and via a comparative approach. Thus, it appears that Bulgaria is lagging behind in terms of infrastructure that enables digitalization, as is the case with the relevantly low levels of digital skills and training, or institutional capacity.
However, the potential economic benefits of a broad integration of digital technologies might be substantial, providing a driver as well for sustained growth. A targeted approach towards the implementation of appropriate measures at different levels macro- and micro- might be instrumental in this respect.
Inputs such as capital, labor, and materials are at the entry point, and at the exit is the final product. Production transforms inputs into final output within the enterprise. This process of transformation of raw inputs into the final output represents a firm value chain. To achieve this transformation with minimum costs and maximum profits, the production requires optimal allocation of inputs in the process of production and precise control and management of product quality.
How do modern digital technologies apply to the process of controlling and managing the enterprise value chain? To answer this question is the purpose of our report. The new media era marks the rise of the media business, relying on the data and analysis in the broad space. This provokes interest in studying the role of national media in the economic policy uncertainty in two European countries — Greece and Italy. Based on the conducted dynamic and comparative analysis of the Economic Policy Uncertainty Index EPU , the role of national media on the uncertainty of economic policies of the two countries is examined.
Key economic events have been derived and an estimate of the index development over the next three years — has been made. A large percentage of the world's population is placed in a situation of inability to physically access public institutions, in complete lockdown of the state. In such crises, issues related to access to online services for people with disabilities, including web accessibility, are often brought to the fore.
On the other hand, the process of digitizing the day-to-day activities of the public and private sectors also influences the provision of quality accessible online services. The aim of current paper is to examine and identify design factors that affect user experience UX with several representative e-government websites in the Republic of Bulgaria and the Russian Federation. To achieve this, the authors use 8 quantitative metrics provided by web user interfaces WUI visual analysis service.
The absolute UX ratings obtained in our study were higher for the younger users, which supports the need for further research of usability and accessibility needs of the elderly. This technology reduces transaction costs, generates trust in distribution, and enables decentralized platforms that potentially become the new basis for decentralized business models.
Blockchain improves information security and transparency by sharing encrypted data between peerto-peer networks. Because its emphasis on security and trust there is an increased demand for blockchain applications in more and more business sectors.
This report examines how the joint development of blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies create a token economy through various business models. Blockchain is expected to be a key technology that enables new protocols to create a token economy in the future. This leads to a new economic paradigm. Technologies do not work in the abstract, but following the specifics of the participants who initiate, promote, integrate, use, or drive them.
Cities provide the physical living environment to an ever-growing number of citizens around the world. Along with the de-ruralization of the world, its digitalization is accelerating. Digital communications are shrinking the globe, through streams of terabytes of information.
The understanding of the concept of "digital city" is becoming increasingly important. Digitalized cities, analogies to their physical regional urban formations, are nothing but information infrastructure, except when enlivened by human presence. This document focuses on the society in digital cities. It establishes the idea of a "citizen" who, through his existence and activity, overcomes the modern challenges of globalized societies and is an engine of development and growth of all kinds.
It is a fact that successful destinations are the ones that are not only marketed in a modern, innovative and creative way, but also managed in the same manner. Therefore this work aims at critical analysis of the use, benefits and costs of mobile applications in the marketing and management of small cities and remote destinations.
The research is based on secondary data collected through purposive sampling giving an insight on the various types of applications used in tourism, together with their advantages and disadvantages, as well as examples of best practices around the world.
The data is then matched to the needs and capabilities of small cities and remote destinations. Thus, the results enable the provision of gaps in terms of digital skills for the sector and recommendations for innovation in the marketing and management of small cities and remote areas as tourism destinations. Despite the growing importance of users generated content UGC , companies play an important role in the generation of their own content, which will influence visibility and relationship with clients.
This paper examines the process of creation of a new online identity for a hotel based on content creation. On order to analyze it, the research focuses on a case study of a hotel located in Brussels, Belgium. Some of the losses and the lost benefits for business caused by measures including physical distancing, travel restrictions and using personal protective equipment are brought out.
The aim of the following research paper is to examine how the Lockdown protocol influences the restaurant business. The analysis contrasts the differences in response to the economic crises of restaurants with expanded home delivery channels and classic restaurants. The exposition provides practical tools for maintaining a work process in a context of social exclusion and outlines the limitations that will be overcome in the future.
In this regard, the positive aspects of the forced digitalization of the locked-in consumer at home are also considered. This study indicates a small part of these issues. For the first time, the economic system is subject to such unprecedented measures that have an enormous impact and costly consequences on the economy.
This new kind of digital market for goods and services is constantly growing and growing. The main objective of this science paper is to analyze how far this phenomenon is perspective for the development of the world economy and what is the effect after the introduction of digital money into the daily life of economic entities.
The scientific report will present both the analysis of cryptocurrencies as a means of payment and trade, as well as analyzes of their applicability at supranational level, tracing the effects of the applicability of cryptocurrencies globally. Digital age opens up unprecedented and unlimited possibilities.
They changing economies and markets, and reinventing relationships between organizations, suppliers and customers thus becoming critical elements for growth, innovation and job creation. Digital technologies became a key driver for economic modernization and prosperity.
And this is not just about high-tech industries. The change can also be seen in traditional industries, one of which is represented by multilevel business organizations. This report examines how the influences of technology in digital age altered these form of organizations. The aim is to uncover the opportunities, perspectives and challenges to the multilevel business model. The results can be used as a starting point for outlining the benefits and disadvantages of adopting new digital technologies, which largely represents the future of this form of business organization.
Apart from all the advantages they offer, they also have a number of disadvantages. The problem of information security IS is extremely important for the security agencies in the Republic of Bulgaria. The widespread entry of information and communication technologies into the daily activities of people, economic operators and society at large, combined with the use of a wide range of high-tech innovations, is also changing the way society as a whole functions, as a particularly important aspect in the functioning of this new digital Economy plays the security of information as its basis and key component.
Security issues have accompanied mankind since the beginning of its existence. The problem of economic security has never existed on its own account; it has always been one of the main tasks of the state. Economic security has a direct impact on the position of the state and its role in global economic and political processes. National economic inter-ests provide the basis of any strategy for economic security. Formulating an exemplary model of a strategy for economic security of the Republic of Bulgaria gives grounds to define the goals, objectives and structure of the economy.
Its devel-opment will contribute to the establishment and maintenance of a high level of economic security of the Bulgarian state in the context of globalization and its implementation will reflect and generate a purposeful foreign and domestic policy in various sectors of the economy as a whole. The article examines two main strategies for the economic security of the state, as well as basic principles of an exemplary model of a strategy for economic security of the Republic of Bulgaria.
It describes the cycles patterns of five long periods of development of the world economy, which have already taken place and were accompanied by recessions and rises, and also provides a forecast of the development of the leading sectors of the national economy in the context of the sixth technological order.
The blue growth initiative that appeared in a timely parallel with the circular economy seems reasonable in line with it. Though less research was performed on identifying the certain features of the circular economy in the domains of the blue growth. In this paper, the determinants of the circular economy influencing or achievable in the glue growth initiative domains will be identified. Some analytical data at an EU level and some indications from those domains will be scrutinized especially towards the established traditional maritime industries such as fisheries, tourism, and maritime transport, but also new and emerging activities, such as offshore renewable energy, aquaculture, seabed extractive activities, and marine biotechnology and bioprospecting.
The catalytical effects to restore and protect coasts, generate sizeable business activity and jobs when job creation activities will be identified also.
Proceedings of the Jubilee International Scientific Conference dedicated to the th anniversary of the University of Economics — Varna.
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